Zechariah’s Vision of the Woman in the Basket means God Will Rid The World of Sin

 

Zechariah’s  Vision of the Women and the Ephah

 

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One spring evening in 520 B.C. The Prophet Zechariah received a series of eight visions all in one night. This was the seventh. While God had assured him that He loved the Nation Israel and He would end their Babylonian captivity and return them their land Eretz Yisrael He would in no way tolerate sin. In an earlier vision He talked about punishing sinful individuals. Here He tells Zechariah by means of symbols that He will remove sin itself. This will occur through the Great Tribulation.

Zechariah 5:5-11

5 Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth. 6 And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth. 7 And, behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst of the ephah. 8 And he said, This is wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof. 9 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven. 10 Then said I to the angel that talked with me, Whither do these bear the ephah? 11 And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base (ASV 1901).

Zechariah is Commanded to Shift His Frame of Vision

Zechariah 5:5

5 Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth (ASV 1901).

The angel that has been speaking to Zechariah now tells him to shift his attention to a vision that is above his straight line of vision. He prepares him to see the next vision, which is a moving active vision. The angel (malakh haddobher bi) who talked in me moves into a different position to begin speaking to Zechariah’s spirit.

The Ephah

Zechariah 5:6

6 And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth (ASV 1901).

 Now Zechariah sees the seventh vision and immediately does not know what it is. The Hebrew grammar, which designates gender to all nouns, assigns a feminine gender to the  “it.” So he asked the malakh haddobher bi who answers him. This is an ephah that goes out over all the earth, is airborne and will attempt to assert dominion over all the earth. The term   their resemblance means a multiplication of the symbolism of this image will exert itself throughout the earth. The ephah, the same as bath, was an ancient volumetric measurement of Israel. It was equal to about thirty-seven quarts or a bushel basket of dry goods. This was the largest dry goods measurement in the Old Testament. In this context coupled with the previous vision and the Hebrew morphology refers to a large sinning (thievery, perjurers etc.). Another way of expressing this is to say that in the previous vision God let Zechariah know that transgressors would be removed. In this vision God is showing Zechariah that sin or iniquity itself would be removed. It will be removed at the very place of its origin. And He is saying that He is fed up with it. So the image of the ephah clearly says to the Jews I have had it up to here (ephah) with your sin!

Prior to the Babylonian captivity the Israelites were primarily an agrarian shepherding nation. Their sin caused them to be conquered and expelled from their country. Babylon was the most advanced nation on the earth at that time excelling in commerce and the occult. While there they became accustomed to those advancements and the wicked ways of the Babylonians. The commercial practices in and of themselves are not wicked. But they have been used in wicked ways, which is what God objects to.

For nearly 2,000 years Babylon was the most important city in the world. It was a commercial and financial center of Mesopotamia. The arts of divination, astronomy, astrology, accounting, mathematics and private and commercial law all sprang up from Babylon. In short many of our world systems came from that region.

Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi (Cir. 1772 B.C.) is one of the earliest sets of laws found, and one of the best-preserved examples of a legal type of document from ancient Mesopotamia. It shows rules and punishments if those rules are defied. It focuses on theft, farming (or shepherding), property damage, women’s rights, marriage rights, children’s rights, slave rights, and murder, death, and injury. The laws do not accept excuses or explanations for mistakes or fault. There were 282 laws on an obsidian stela, which is lava like stone and it is about 8 feet tall. It was discovered in 1909. It is now on display at the Louvre Museum in Paris, France. This concept lives on in most modern legal systems and has given rise to the term “written in stone”.

Mathematics

They developed a form of writing based on cuneiform (i.e. wedge-shaped) symbols. Their symbols were written on wet clay tablets, which were baked in the hot sun, and many thousands of these tablets have survived to be read by us today. It was the use of a stylus on a clay medium that led to the use of cuneiform symbols since curved lines could not be drawn. The Babylonians divided the day into 24 hours, each hour into 60 minutes, each minute into 60 seconds. This form of counting (sexagesimal or base 60) has survived for 4000 years. Their year and calendar had 30 month days and 360-day years. (Same as Genesis 7 & 8, Daniel 7:25 Revelation 12:6, 14 and Revelation 13:5) They had tables of squares, square roots, cubes, cube roots, reciprocals, exponential functions, and log functions. They had knowledge of trigonometry, the Pythagorean theorem 1200 years before Pythagoras did, and pi. They divided the circle into 360 degrees.

Occultic Spirituality

Babylon spiritually symbolizes the city of man or the city of Satan. One way to look at the Bible is a tale of two cities Jerusalem and Babylon. Both began in Genesis and both end in Revelation.  It has never been destroyed yet (Isaiah 13:19-20). It fell into disrepair over the years since Cyrus took over the city. Saddam Hussein spent considerable effort to rebuild it. It will be the world headquarters of the Antichrist and the commercial center the one world government. This will be the final governmental form on earth prior to the establishment of the Messianic Kingdom.

God implores us to come out of her.

Revelation 18:4-5 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying Come out of her, my people that ye be not partakers of her sins and that ye receive not of her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.

In this vision of the ephah the Jews were being told that the wicked commercialism and occult they have been exposed to will end some day and they are not to participate in it.            God is heaping up the sins of the Israelites and will separate them from the wicked at the end of the Great Tribulation.

 The Talent and The Woman

The Woman in the Ephah by Ted Larson

The Woman in the Ephah by Ted Larson

 

Zechariah 5:7-8

7 And, behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst of the ephah. 8 And he said, This is wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof (ASV 1901).

In verse six with reference to this vision Zechariah had asked, “What is it?” Since all Hebrew nouns have gender regardless of whether they are actually male or female we see a feminine gender being applied to the “it.” The feminine ending of the term what is it gives insight that this grammatical feminine gender now takes on new meaning, for there is a woman (feminine) in the ephah, and she personifies wickedness. This symbol of wickedness is sitting in the ephah. Since the ephah was a dry measure and usually represented as a basket about the size of a bushel she is seen sitting in a bushel basket.

In addition to the largest volumetric measure God brings the largest weight measure to this vision. The talent was the largest Old Testament Jewish measure of weight, equivalent to 60 mina or 3000 shekels. The weight of one talent was about 75-95 lbs.

Some examples of the use of talents mentioned in the Old Testament for perspective are:

  1. The sons of Ammon hired chariots and horseman to fight against Israel in the days of King David for 1000 talents of silver (I Chronicles 19:6).
  2. Solomon was said to have received a weight of 666 talents of gold per year (II Chronicles 9:13).
  3. The holy of holies in Solomon’s temple was overlaid with 600 talents (for example; this is at least $12 billion in A.D. 2013 value) of gold (II Chronicles 3:8).
  4. 650 talents of silver plus 200 talents of gold and silver utensils were delivered to Jerusalem for the rebuilding of the temple (Ezra 8:26).
  5. Hezekiah, king of Judah, paid the King of Assyria 300 talents of silver plus 30 talents of Gold to withdraw their attacking troops (II Kings 8:14).

In this vision the woman is seen sitting in the ephah. The malakh haddobher bi then casts a talent of lead into the ephah where she was sitting thereby sealing up the ephah with the lead as a cover. She represents being bathed in the luxury of wicked commercialism and is symbolized by it. Again this is not mere commerce, it is Godless commercialism and mammon-worship. Her sitting in this wickedness shows that she delights in it. This is the very embodiment of evil. By her getting thrown into the ephah and covering her with a mass of lead is symbolically tying down and sealing sin so it cannot ever again surface to cause mankind to commit it. This image lets us know that God will finally rid the world of sin and all those who luxuriate in it. Women are symbolically represented in Scripture as a religious entity.  Some examples in Scripture supporting this are:

On the positive side is the Wife of Jehovah in the Old Testament.  In the New Testament, we see the Bride of Christ.  So the Jews are called the “Wife of Jehovah” and in the New Testament the church is called the “Bride of Christ.”

On the negative side, there’s the woman with the leaven, Matthew 13:33 and the Great Harlot of Revelation 17:2 called Jezebel.  Jezebel was a real woman in the northern ten tribal region of Israel.  She married Ahab and brought pagan religions into that community after the civil war when Israel was divided north and south.  Baal worship resulted in more idolatry and sexual immorality. In Bible typology Jezebel represents the Great Harlot of Revelation 17 riding the beast.

Revelation 2:20-22

20 Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou (allow) that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. 21 And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. 22 Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds (KJV).

Here Jesus is condemning the Thyatira Church for their wickedness in the Dark Ages (Cir. A.D. 600-1517). The name Thyatira means continual or perpetual sacrifice.  It represents the Eucharist, which also called transubstantiation or continually sacrificing Christ.

During this period while the standing church persecuted many and accumulated vast personal wealth they introduced at least ten false doctrines.

  1. Justification by works – not simply by grace through faith.  This means one can work their way to heaven.
  2. Baptismal regeneration – This means that the point the body goes into the water, one is saved, you are a Christian and you are going to be with Christ in heaven.
  3. Worship of images – You can see this especially in the Eastern Orthodox Church.  There is an incredible number of icons there that have a greater importance to most people than Christ himself.
  4. Celibacy – Forbidding priests to marry.
  5. Confessionalism – Is where sins are confessed to a priest then the priest tells you whether or not he is going to relieve you of the guilt of that sin.
  6. Purgatory – It’s a place of confinement, which is neither heaven nor hell, but it’s a place where the priest says that this is where you go because you haven’t completed your responsibility to God. The worse part of Purgatory is that your sanctification here on the planet is not complete.
  7. Transubstantiation – This is the taking of the bread or the wafer in the Mass, which is taught that it is a real sacrifice of Christ.
  8. Indulgences – By the giving of money, one’s time in purgatory is reduced.
  9. Penance – is “beating” yourself somehow to reduce your time in purgatory.
  10. Mariolatry – The worship of the Virgin Mary, elevating her to deity.

The Great Whore

The Whore of Babylon by William Blake cir 1809

The Whore of Babylon by William Blake cir 1809

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revelation 17:1-6

1And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will shew unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters: 2 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication. 3 So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. 4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: 5 And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. 6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration (KJV).

John the apostle saw this vision of the woman riding the beast. It represents the marriage of false religion to the various governments and commercialism of this world. The beast she rides is the last world empire, which was described in Daniel chapter seven. It is the final form of the empire of imperialism with absolute control of the Antichrist ruling from Babylon supported by the False Prophet leading the world’s apostate religions to worship the Antichrist. The term Jezebel in Bible typology means this woman.

The Two Women With Wings

Zechariah 5:9-11

9 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven. 10 Then said I to the angel that talked with me, Whither do these bear the ephah? 11 And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base (KJV).

The Women With Wings Carrying Away the Ephah  Artist Unknown

The Women With Wings Carrying Away the Ephah Artist Unknown

These two women are symbols of God’s agents to remove sin and take it to Babylon (Shinar)  where it will be destroyed as Babylon will be destroyed. Babylon will be the commercial center of the world during Antichrist’s reign and it will be destroyed during the campaign of Armageddon. This symbolic act demonstrates the commercial nature of Babylon with its wicked commercialism originating in the days of Nimrod (Genesis 11:4). God taking the ephah there symbolizes Him letting the wicked commercialism flourish in the future one-world capital until it is finally removed forever.

 

Daniel E. Woodhead

 

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Zechariah’s Special Golden Menorah and Two Olive Trees

Zechariah’s Vision of the Candlestick and The Olive Trees

The prophet Zechariah received eight visions in one night in the fall of 520 B.C. assuring him that Israel had a future even though they had been in Babylon since 586 B.C. They would still have a future. In the book of Daniel God let’s us see the Gentile government control of world government bodies until the Lord sets up His Messianic Kingdom. In the book of Zechariah He let’s us see that the Gentiles do not have all the power and control that it seems. Here he shows Zechariah that He is working behind the scenes to bring His plan for the Jews and this world to fulfillment. This vision is number five of the first eight.

The Calling To Alertness

Zechariah 4:1

1 And the angel that talked with me came again, and waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep (ASV 1901).

The angel that talked to Zechariah before again connects with him. He is the malakh haddobher bi—the angel that talked with me, or, literally, “in me”—and he is not the same as the Malakh Yehovah, The Angel of Jehovah. Just as before Zechariah does not address this angel as Adonai, “my Lord”. So again this is not the same as the Divine Angel of Jehovah—the Messenger of the Covenant—but an attendant angel whose mission it was to be God’s conveyer or messenger to the prophet of the meaning of the visions. Remember that God uses angelic messengers to bring His messages to humans (Revelation 1:1 etc.).

After receiving the first four visions of the one night Zechariah must have been nearly exhausted. The angel now calls him to alertness. But, a better translation of wakened out of his sleep would be “roused me as if I had been sleeping.” We see the same exhaustion coming upon the prophet Daniel after he received the vision of the beasts in chapter eight of his book. Gabriel the angel explained the vision and Daniel became ill and unable to function for several days. This lets us realize the impact a connection with the spiritual world can have when the Lord God is providing His prophets with prophecies of future earthly events. It was not as though Zechariah had fallen asleep. He was spiritually wrung out and needed to be re-kindled to receive the next vision. He therefore resembled, like Daniel, one who appeared to be sleeping. The fourth vision depicted in a symbolic but very graphic way the spiritual salvation of Israel from sin and defilement.  Even though the topic was seen as their outward deliverance from captivity and oppression in the preceding three visions it looked further into the future when all Israel will be saved (Romans 11:27).

The vision of the Candlestick and The Olive-Trees

Zechariah 4:2-3

2And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have seen, and, behold, a candlestick all of gold, with its bowl upon the top of it, and its seven lamps thereon; there are seven pipes to each of the lamps, which are upon the top thereof; 3and two olive-trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side there of (ASV 1901).

 Zechariah’s Vision of the Menorah and Olive Trees from the tribulation network

Zechariah’s Vision of the Menorah and Olive Trees from the tribulation network

The malakh haddobher bi asks Zechariah what is it that he is seeing. He wants Zechariah to verbalize the vision he is having and to make sure it is accurate so there is no satanic intervention to corrupt the vision. After all Satan has been accusing Joshua and Israel in general at the bar of God the Father. Satan is a deceiver and will corrupt all and any he can to draw mankind away from God. Zechariah then goes on to relate the vision he just has been permitted to view. He starts by saying, I saw “a candlestick all of gold, with its bowl upon the top of it, and its seven lamps thereon; there are seven pipes to each of the lamps, which are upon the top thereof;” What he is describing is the menorah from the temple with some significant differences indicating that this is a second temple or Millennial Kingdom view. The candlestick in Zechariah’s vision is a figurative representation of the seven-branched candlestick in the Temple.

 

 Menorah from the Temple Institute in Jerusalem

Menorah from the Temple Institute in Jerusalem

Exodus 25:31-40

31And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made, even its base, and its shaft; its cups, its knops, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it. 32And there shall be six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side thereof: 33three cups made like almond-blossoms in one branch, a knop and a flower; and three cups made like almond-blossoms in the other branch, a knop and a flower: so for the six branches going out of the candlestick: 34and in the candlestick four cups made like almond-blossoms, the knops thereof, and the flowers thereof; 35and a knop under two branches of one piece with it, and a knop under two branches of one piece with it, and a knop under two branches of one piece with it, for the six branches going out of the candlestick. 36Their knops and their branches shall be of one piece with it; the whole of it one beaten work of pure gold. 37And thou shalt make the lamps thereof, seven: and they shall light the lamps thereof, to give light over against it. 38And the snuffers thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold. 39Of a talent of pure gold shall it be made, with all these vessels. 40And see that thou make them after their pattern, which hath been showed thee in the mount (ASV 1901).

In the tabernacle and the temple after that pure oil was brought by the general congregation to the place of worship to have the oil poured into the lamp by the priests. The lamp was to burn at all times and was never to go out. The imagery of oil was a representation of the Holy Spirit of God (Leviticus 2:1-2; Matthew 25:1-13 etc.). This is not Him but a manifestation of Him in time and space. It is important to see that it was individuals that put the oil into the lamp. The candlestick has the representation of something lighting or being lighted. In the tabernacle and temple it was two fold.  One God’s Spirit represented by the oil would radiate out to the Children of Israel to demonstrate His presence in their midst. Two, it was to be a light-bearer to the nations around them. They were to be a witness for God to the Gentiles. When a God appointed purveyor of His Word loses that blessing to be a witness for Him, it is said that the Lord takes away his candlestick (Revelation 2:5). In other words the Holy Spirit who teaches us all things and is represented by the oil will no longer do His work through us if we turn away from Him in sin. Therefore the imagery of the candlestick, which holds the oil and allows the light to radiate out, is removed from those who do not properly carry out their God given responsibilities to act correctly and speak God’s Word correctly as well. Their spiritual condition and physical manifestation of that must be acting in concert as representatives of the Lord. The Lord took way the Israelites lampstand after He showed Ezekiel the sins they were committing in the temple (Ezekiel 8:1-18).

 In this vision there are three distinct differences from the candlestick of the temple and tabernacle.

  1. Zechariah’s candlestick has its own oil vessel (gullah or basin) on top of it for supplying oil by gravity feed. These are bowls to automatically feed oil by means of gravity. This was not in the temple or tabernacle but there the priests who received oil from offerings of the congregation members filled it. This new apparatus will allow a new and different means of filling. In this vision, no attendant priests are necessary, or offerings of oil from the congregation. The lamps are fed continuously from the gullah, or oil vessel, above the candlestick, the abundance of the flow of oil (emblem­atic of the abundant outpouring of the Holy Spirit) being set forth by the seven pipes (or “pourers”), which carried the supply to each.
  2. Zechariah’s lampstand has seven pipes (Hebrew mutsagoth, tubes or conduits) through which oil is poured from yatsage to pour, flow, or cast [I Kings 22:35; Job 38:38]). These seven pipes connect with each lamp so there are forty-nine in all. By contrast the tabernacle or temple candlestick had no pipes at all, but only seven branches or arms (qanim) to hold the lamps.
  3. This lampstand has two olive trees, one on either side. These each have fruitful branches supplying the oil to the gullah through two additional pipes. These two trees will continually supply oil to the lamps in abundance.

Zechariah’s Question to The malakh haddobher bi

Zechariah 4:4-5

4And I answered and spake to the angel that talked with me, saying, What are these, my lord? 5Then the angel that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what these are? And I said, No, my lord (ASV 1901).

Zechariah is asking the malakh haddobher bi what exactly this vision means. He is addressing him as lord or one above me in stature not as God. The word adon (lord or overseer) is used here not the word Adonai with its indicated deity. The angel answers him with a question saying surely you must know what this is? In a very humble manner Zechariah says that he does not know the meaning of this vision.

 The malakh haddobher bi Explains the Vision

Zechariah 4:6-10

6Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of Jehovah unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith Jehovah of hosts. 7Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain; and he shall bring forth the top stone with shoutings of Grace, grace, unto it. 8Moreover the word of Jehovah came unto me, saying, 9The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that Jehovah of hosts hath sent me unto you. 10For who hath despised the day of small things? for these seven shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel; these are the eyes of Jehovah, which run to and fro through the whole earth (ASV 1901).

This is how the angel begins his interpretation of the vision: “This (vision in as far as it embodies a prophecy) is the word of Jehovah unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith Jehovah of hosts.” The Hebrew word hayil (“might”), which also means an “army,” or “host,” stands for the strength of many. This meant to express human strength and power of every description—physical, mental, and moral—individual, or the combined strength of the multitude. All of these are not able to do what the Spirit of God can do. The genuine power by which Israel’s charge on this earth is set forth by the candlestick, shall eventually be fulfilled by “My Spirit, saith Jehovah.” God Himself will be the only power given to Zerubbabel to accomplish the task of rebuilding the Temple. This will all result in a restoration of Israel’s mission as a light to the world. The temple will be the visible proof and symbol of the restored fellowship between Jehovah and His people, and Israel’s mission as the light of the nations. Joshua will be the High Priest and Zerubbabel will be the governor of Jerusalem. The last vision number four saw Joshua reinstated as the religious head of the Jews now Zerubbabel is being appointed as the civil head with the assurance that God will provide the power to do God’s work as once upon a time the ancient Israelites earnestly did.

Zerubbabel would be the one to finish the temple during his lifetime and the angel was assuring Zechariah of these things because Jehovah Himself sent him to convey the message. Any and all voices of opposition would also be silenced. There will be joy when the plum lines are visible. The finishing of this building will happen amidst loud cries of the people, “Grace, grace unto it.” Therefore not on the great world powers but on the little “stone of lead” (Christ) or “plummet” in the hand of Zerubbabel, who is superintending the work of building, as well as the seven eyes of God’s special providence rest, will this be accomplished.  The seven refer to the previous vision. God’s eyes run to and fro through the whole earth, and nothing is hid from His omniscience. He will see to it that nothing shall prevent the work being brought to completion.

God’s Anointed Over The Whole Earth

Zechariah 4:11-14

11Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive-trees upon the right side of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof? 12And I answered the second time, and said unto him, What are these two olive-branches, which are beside the two golden spouts, that empty the golden oil out of themselves? 13And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these are? And I said, No, my lord. 14Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth (ASV 1901).

Zechariah asks the angel one more question regarding the olive trees. He wants to know the meaning of these olive trees and is met with the same question, “Don’t’ you know?” The answer is simple; they represent Joshua the high priest and the prince Zerubbabel. These stand by the Lord of the whole earth, as the divinely appointed instruments through whom the Lord causes His Spirit to flow into His congregation. The olive trees represent these two men. They are feeding God’s Spirit into Israel and the task of rebuilding the Temple. This imagery is also used in Revelation chapter eleven of the two witnesses for the Lord during the Great Tribulation that bring forth God’s Spirit during that yet future troubled time (Revelation 11:45).

Daniel E. Woodhead

 

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