The Lion of The Tribe of Judah and Shiloh

Judah’s Blessing

Genesis chapter 49 describes the prophecies proclaimed by Jacob concerning his sons:

Genesis 49:8–12

 8Judah, thee shall thy brethren praise: Thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; Thy father’s sons shall bow down before thee. 9Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, thou art gone up: He stooped down, he couched as a lion, And as a lioness; who shall rouse him up? 10The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, Until Shiloh come: And unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be. 11Binding his foal unto the vine, And his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; He hath washed his garments in wine, And his vesture in the blood of grapes: 12His eyes shall be red with wine, And his teeth white with milk (ASV, 1901).

 Examining this blessing verse by verse tells us a lot about this preeminent tribe.

Judah is praised

Genesis 49:8

8Judah, thee shall thy brethren praise: Thy hand shall be on the neck of thine enemies; Thy father’s sons shall bow down before thee.

Israel starts his blessing to Judah with, “Judah thou, thee will thy brethren praise! thy hand in the neck of thy foes! to thee will thy father’s sons bow down!” Israel is no longer giving bleak prophecies which his sons Reuben, Simeon and Levi had received, and starts out this prophecy with the praise Judah will receive from his brethren. Interestingly, Judah’s name in Hebrew means “praise”. He had already demonstrated his superior character by not going along with his brothers to kill Joseph, and then pleading with Joseph to save Benjamin. He offered himself in place of Benjamin for surety.

Judah’s success was affirmed in other Scriptures (II Samuel 22:4; Psalm 18:40). He also gained preeminence over the other tribes. In Numbers 2:9, during the wilderness wanderings, Judah “set forth first.” In Numbers 10:14, he headed the march though the wilderness. In I Chronicles 5:2, Judah prevailed above his brethren. In Judges 1:1–2, Judah is chosen by God to go up first against the Canaanites. Judah’s tribe was loyal to the house of David at the time of the revolt of the ten tribes (1 Kings 12:20). They were commissioned by God to lead the conquest of the Promised Land (Judges 1:1–3; 4–21).  The tribe of Judah gave us King David (II Samuel 2:1–11, 5:4–5).

Judah was chosen by God to be one of the four tribes closest to the Tabernacle, a privileged position, when they camped in the wilderness. Here is an image depicting this:

 

Encampment around the Tabernacle

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Judah’s Power

Genesis 49:9

 9Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, thou art gone up: He stooped down, he couched as a lion, And as a lioness; who shall rouse him up?

The description of Judah’s power is found in four phrases:

  • A “lion’s whelp” emphasizes power, vigor, and nobility.
  • From the prey he has gone up” emphasizes his success in killing his prey.
  • Stooped down” as a crouched lion means he is ready to pounce.
  • As a lioness; who will rouse him?” means he is pictured as a strong lion, and not to be idly toyed with.

Judah is therefore pictured as the Lion of the tribe of Judah. In Numbers 24:9, Balaam uses the same illustration for Israel.

Judah’s Eminence

Genesis 49:10

10The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, Until Shiloh come: And unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be.

The basic meaning of this verse 10 is that Judah will not lose its tribal identity or its right to rule over the other tribes until someone comes. The exact wording of the statement varies between different Bible translations. Most versions obscure the real meaning by using the word “Shiloh” as if it were a proper name for Messiah. This word should, in fact, be taken as a possessive pronoun.  Some see the  Hebrew word Shiloh to be the verb schlach (שִׁילֹה) sent with a feminine possessive pronoun. Shiloh is feminine, but the verb is masculine. This produces the word sheeloach.  Nouns and verbs can have gender, but not necessarily associated with the actual word. This can be translated as “unto thee who it is that is sent”. Most translators use this meaning, “whose it is,” or “whose right it is”. Therefore, Shiloh can be taken in the Hebrew text as a short form of the relative she, meaning “who,” plus the propositional lamed, meaning “to,” with the vowel character hey. “He, to whom, it is,” or “until he come (sent) whose right it is,” and, of course, this is the Messiah.

A more literal translation of the verse would read:

The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes whose right it is and unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be.

Judah’s identity and right to rule cannot be lost until one comes who has full rights to the scepter, and full rights to rule. This is how the Septuagint translates the verse, as does the Syriac translation of the Bible.

This reading of the verse is further supported by comparison with a passage in Ezekiel:

Ezekiel 21:25–27

25 And thou, O deadly wounded wicked one, the prince of Israel, whose day is come, in the time of the [k]iniquity of the end, 26 thus saith the Lord Jehovah: [l]Remove the mitre, and take off the crown; this shall be [m]no more the same; exalt that which is low, and abase that which is high. 27 [n]I will overturn, overturn, overturn it: this also shall be no more, until he come whose right it is; and I will give it him (ASV, 1901).

Ezekiel 21:25–27 is primarily concerned with the Second Coming of Messiah. Verse 25 refers to the Antichrist, the last gentile to rule over Israel. In verse 26 the turban, or mitre, is the mitre of the priest (Exodus 28:4, 37, 39; 29:6; 39:28, 31; Leviticus 8:9, 16:4) and the crown is the royal crown. Just as Genesis 49:10 uses the royal scepter to represent the authority to rule, Ezekiel uses the royal crown to represent the same thing. Then the exact same phrase, “until he comes whose right it is” is used in both Genesis 49 and Ezekiel 21. Both priesthood and kingship will be overthrown “until he comes whose right it is.” It should be noted in passing that Ezekiel’s reference to the priestly mitre indicates that Messiah will be a priest as well as a king. Both priesthood and kingship are to be removed from Israel until Messiah comes the second time, when both priesthood and kingship will be given to Him. This is the ultimate fulfillment.

Jacob said to Judah that, “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah.”  The “scepter” is a short, decorated staff, which only a monarch possesses.  It is a clear indication of power, and indicates a right to rule. As the prophecy moves on it says, “Nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,” meaning that the Messiah’s theocratic rule will not end, and He will have a theocratically administered kingdom. The judicial, or civil rule, will go until “Shiloh come.“Shiloh” is a prophetic name for the Messiah. So, this verse means that the civil or judicial rule by Judah will continue until the Messiah comes. The theocratic rule will go on forever. The term “scepter” also refers to their tribal identity, the right to apply and enforce Mosaic Law, and to adjudicate capital offenses. It is significant that even during their seventy-year Babylonian captivity, from 606 to 537 B.C., the tribes retained their tribal identity.

Rabbinic Commentary on Verse 10

The early rabbis and Talmudic authorities understood the term “Shiloh” as referring to the Messiah although not His name. Returning to Messiah’s First Coming, we can see that this verse makes three points. Messiah has previously been declared to be a man, descended from Abraham. His descent is now limited to being a son of Judah. A second point is that Messiah is going to be a King. The scepter and the ruler’s staff indicate royalty and authority. Third, it should be seen that Messiah will have to come before the Tribe of Judah loses its identity. This establishes a clear time period for the prophecy. The records by which tribal identities were maintained and kept in the Jewish Temple. All of these records were lost with the destruction of the Temple in a.d. 70. Within a few generations all the tribes of Israel, with the exception of Levi, had lost their identity. Immediately after a.d. 70 the rabbis passed laws which would preserve the identity of the priestly Tribe of Levi, but Jews from the other tribes quickly lost their identity. Since the Tribe of Judah lost its pre-eminence and identity finally in 70 a.d., it can be clearly seen that Messiah must have come some time before 70 a.d. It is not possible for Messiah to come after a.d. 70. Once it is given to the Messiah, royal power remains forever with Him; this is ultimately a reference to the Second Coming when Messiah comes to rule the earth. “And unto him shall the obedience of the peoples be” uses the word “peoples” which is plural and therefore a reference to the non-Jewish nations or gentiles. The gentiles will obey Him during His messianic rule in the millennium.

All rabbinic views on this verse always viewed it as clearly messianic. For example, the Targum Onkelos translates it as follows: “The transmission of dominion shall not cease from the house of Judah, nor the scribe from the children’s children, forever, until the Messiah comes (is sent), to whom the kingdom belongs, and whom nations shall obey.” The rabbis took this to be the source of one of the rabbinic names of the Messiah, which was Shiloh: “The Messiah is called Shiloh to indicate He will be born of a woman [and would, therefore, not be a divine being]. The amniotic sac in which the fetus is formed in the womb is called a shilyah. The Messiah’s name “Shiloh” indicates he will be born from a shilyah.Rashi said, “Until King Messiah will come whose will be the kingdom, unto him (Messiah) shall the nations seek.” The Midrash on this passage reads as follows:

Furthermore, the role Messiah will be descended from the Tribe of Judah as it says [quoting Isa. 11:10]. Thus from the Tribe of Judah were descended Solomon, who built the First Temple, and Zerubbabel, who built the Second Temple, and [from him will be descended] the royal Messiah, who will rebuild the Temple. Of the Messiah is written (quoting Psalm 89:37) … Judah is the lion’s whelp. Rabbi Hamblen and Rabbi Hanina said: This alludes to the Messiah the son of David who was descended from two tribes, his father from Judah and his mother from Dan, in connection with both of which “lion” is written [quoting Deut. 33:22] … The scepter alludes … to the Messiah, the Son of David, who will chastise the nations with a staff, as it is written [quoting Ps. 2:9] … until Shiloh comes. Thus, indicate that all nations will bring a gift to Messiah, the Son of David, as it says [quoting Isa. 18:7].[1]

Another Midrash reads as follows: “This elludes to the royal Messiah … Obedience of the people He [the Messiah] will come and set on edge the teeth of the nations of the world.” [2] Yet another Midrash interprets 49:10 as: “to whom kingship belongs (Shelo) …”[3] So the rabbinic view was clearly that this was a reference to the Messiah.

The Midrash Rabbah 97 on this passage reads as follows:

“Furthermore, the royal Messiah will be descended from the tribe of Judah as it says [quoting Isaiah 11:10]. Thus from the tribe of Judah were descended Solomon who built the first Temple and Zerubbabel who built the second Temple and from him will be descended the royal Messiah who will rebuild the Temple. Now of the Messiah it is written [quoting Psalm 89:37] …”

“… Judah is a lion’s whelp. Rabbi Hummah ben Rabbi Hannina said, ‘This alludes to the Messiah the son of David who was descended from two tribes, his father from Judah and his mother from Dan, in connection with both of which “lion” is written [quoting Deuteronomy 33:22]’ …”

“… The scepter alludes to the Messiah the son of David who will chastise the nations with a staff as it is written [quoting Psalm 2:9] …”

“… ‘until Shiloh comes’ this indicates that all nations will bring a gift to Messiah the son of David as it says [quoting Isaiah 18:7] …”

The Midrash Rabbah 98 says: “This alludes to the royal Messiah. ‘Obedience of the people,’ the Messiah will come and set on edge the teeth of the nations of the world.” The Midrash Rabbah 99, on Genesis 49:10, says “to whom kingship belongs,” again taking “Shiloh” to be a possessive pronoun. It is therefore very clear that the consistent rabbinic view of Genesis 49:10 was that it related to the Messiah.

The Scepter Departs

His earthly physical kingdom will not occur until the Millennial Kingdom. The hermeneutical concept of “repeat foreshadowing” sees it as occurring during Christ’s boyhood. It is important to realize that prophecies and other components of Old Testament Scripture can be stated without actually being completely fulfilled. Some prophecies awaiting final fulfillment are deemed as repeated foreshadowing. The prophecy regarding the Antichrist and the Abomination Desolation is foreshadowed in the intertestamental person of Antiochus Epiphanes (Daniel 9:27). Another illustration of foreshadowment, one that is crucial to the interpretation of prophecy, is the quotation of Joel 2:28-32 in Acts chapter 2. It was made by the apostle Peter on occasion of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. Peter’s speech and the quotation from Joel in Acts 2:14–21 is another example.

In 6-7 A.D., King Herod’s son and successor, Herod Archelaus, was dethroned and banished to Vienna, a city in Gaul.  Archelaus was the second son of Herod the Great.  The older son, Herod Antipater, was murdered by Herod the Great, along with other family members (It was quipped at the time that it was safer to be a dog in that household than a member of the family).  Archelaus’ mother was a Samaritan (1/4 or less of Jewish blood) and was never accepted.  After the death of Herod (4 B.C.?), Archelaus had been placed over Judea as “Entharch” by Caesar Augustus.  Broadly rejected, he was removed in a.d. 6-7. He was replaced by a Roman procurator named Caponius.  The legal power of the Sanhedrin was immediately restricted and the adjudication of capital cases was lost.  This was normal Roman policy.  This transfer of power is mentioned in the Talmud and by Josephus:

After the death of the procurator Festus, when Albinus was about to succeed him, the high priest Ananius considered it a favorable opportunity to assemble the Sanhedrin.  He therefore caused James, the brother of Jesus, who was called Christ, and several others, to appear before this hastily assembled council, and pronounced upon them the sentence of death by stoning.  All the wise men and strict observers of the law who were at Jerusalem expressed their disapprobation of this act… Some even went to Albinus himself, who had departed to Alexandria, to bring this breach of the law under his observation, and to inform him that Aranius (sic) had acted illegally in assembling the Sanhedrin without the Roman authority.9

This remarkable passage not only mentions Jesus and His brother James as historical figures, it also underscores that the authority of the Sanhedrin had already been passed to the Romans. When the members of the Sanhedrin found themselves deprived of their right over life and death, they covered their heads with ashes and their bodies with sackcloth. They actually thought that the Torah, the Word of God, had failed!  They should have known better.

The scepter had, indeed, been removed from Judah, but Shiloh had come.  While the Jews wept in the streets of Jerusalem, a young son of a carpenter was growing up in Nazareth.  He would present Himself as the Meshiach Nagid, Messiah the King, on the very day which had been predicted by the angel Gabriel to Daniel five centuries earlier. In fact, every detail of His life had been foretold centuries earlier.

Judah’s strength and abundance

Genesis 49:11-12

11Binding his foal unto the vine, And his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; He hath washed his garments in wine, And his vesture in the blood of grapes: 12His eyes shall be red with wine, And his teeth white with milk.

The prophecy continues with another illustration of the Messiah being strong. “Binding his foal unto the vine” is an illustration of Judah like a vine that so strong that if the foal moves his head, even a strong colt, the vine would not break. Normally, a colt could easily pull out the vines to which he is tied. “And his ass’s colt unto the choice vine” means that the “choice vine” is an indication of abundance, or wealth. Another Messianic aspect of this verse refers to when Messiah is presented, He will be riding on an ass. Next, the prophecy says, “He hath washed his garments in wine, And his vesture in the blood of grapes.” This is directly from Isaiah 63:1–6 and Revelation 14:17-20. It closes with, “His eyes shall be red with wine, And his teeth white with milk.” This indicates abundance. It does not indicate intoxication, just simple abundance. Jesus is “All in All.”

Conclusion

A summary of Jacob’s blessing upon Judah covers six points. First, Judah is to be praised, to rule, and through him Messiah will come. Second, he will have the preeminence among his brothers. Third, the brothers will acknowledge his superiority. Fourth, he will have victory over his enemies. Fifth, he will have royal authority. Sixth, the line of Judah will administer a kingdom. It should be noted from this that God already had a plan for Israel to have a king, but now it is revealed that the king was to come from the tribe of Judah. Therefore, it was not totally wrong for Israel later on to ask for a king. The sin was in the wrong motivation, and they had the timing wrong as well. The result was that the first king was of a tribe other than Judah, and they suffered for it.

Daniel E. Woodhead

 

[1] Midrash Rabbah, Bereshit 97.

[2] Ibid., 98.

[3] Ibid., 99.

 

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Islam

Title: Various Arab Tribes at the Beginning of Islam Cir 600 A.D. 50 A.H. (Anno Hegirae)
Source: Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Islamic_Arabia

[1]In A.D. 627 Muhammad the founder of Islam while fleeing a Meccan tribe decided to attack the Jewish tribe of the Qurayza, which had refused to convert to Islam. He had trenches dug in the marketplace of Medina and according to Muslim sources beheaded between six and nine hundred Jewish men. One was reported to have converted to Islam and his life was spared. The women, children and property were divided among the Muslims. Jihad or holy war is a permanent state of war for Islam and it does not include the possibility of any true peace, ever. It has been this way from the inception of Islam and it is true today. Only the naïve and ignorant fall victim to the untruth of “Islam being a peaceful religion.” It never has been. [2] It seeks world domination and will stop at nothing to achieve its ends. They would have dominated Europe if Charles Martel had not slaughtered thousands of them at Lyon, France, which stopped their expansion in the early eighth century.

The great expansion of Islam in the short time after its inception was mostly because of the military efforts of the new faith. Their conversion “by the sword” had great success on their expansion efforts. They had almost unbridled success until Charles Martel stopped them in 732 A.D., just one hundred years after the death of Mohammed. His victory over Abd-ar-Rahman at the battle of Tours stopped Muslim expansion into Europe.[3] A great many verses of the Koran [4]enjoin on Moslems to take up arms against polytheists, unbelievers and hypocrites. The words used in expressing this commandment are “Qital” (slaying, warfare) and “Jihad” (going forth to fight in the holy war). This latter word is more typical as its original meaning is striving with might and main; and, as will be seen, the dedication of maximum effort to the holy undertaking characterizes the commandment. Although the wording of one verse (Sura II.186) implies that fighting is justified when the enemy has attacked first, this is by no means the general rule. Nor is there any substance in the argument which is sometimes advanced to the effect that Jihad should be understood primarily in the sense of moral endeavor and self-discipline in the cause of service to Islam, and only secondarily in that of holy war. The verses quoted below will show that the emphasis is distinctly on warring against non-believers in order to propagate Islam and command to fight will receive a promise of rewards:

 “Who is he that will loan to God a beautiful loan which God will double to their credit and multiply many times?” (Sura II.245-246). “Allah has given those that fight with their goods and their persons a higher rank than those who stay at home. He has promised all a good reward, but far richer is the recompense of those who fight for Him; rank of His own bestowal, forgiveness and mercy” (Sura IV. 97). “Those who believe, suffer exile and strive with might and main in God’s cause with their goods and their persons have the highest rank in the sight of God” (Sura IX.20). ‘Those who…fought in the path of God have the hope of the mercy of God…’ (Sura II.215). Those who fall on the battlefield in the course of holy war become martyrs. “Those that…fought and died for My cause shall be forgiven their sins and admitted to gardens watered by running streams…” (Sura III.194). “Think not of those who are slain in God’s way as dead; they are alive and well provided for by their Lord” (Sura III.163 and Sura II.149). “As for those who are slain in the cause of Allah, He will not allow their works to perish…He will admit them to the Paradise He has made known to them” (Sura XLVII.5).

 

Title: Sons of Ishmael – Arabia Source: www.bible.ca

Other verses show God’s displeasure with those who shirk their duty of fighting. “And how should you not fight in the cause of Allah and for the helpless…?”  (Sura IV.77). Except for a few verses which are revealed with reference to particular events such as the battles of Badr and Uhud, all the texts concerning Qital and Jihad have the same point; the obligation to engage in holy warfare is meant to persist, in the words of the Koran cited above, until God’s (Islam’s view) religion reigns supreme. Therefore, it follows that the prescriptions concerning holy war place the Islamic community in a situation of constant hostility towards the non-Moslem world. Jihad began with Mohammad and it is still being carried out through the Intifada, which continues to this day. In short Jihad is a state of permanent war and it does not have the possibility of true peace. [5]

The term Intifada is an Arabic name for “shaking off.” It refers to an uprising in the so-called Palestinian territories starting in 1987.[6] It involves demonstrations, strikes, riots and general violence performed in both the Gaza Strip (ancient Philistia) and the West Bank (Ancient Judea & Samaria). There are three principal groups behind the Intifada; Islamic Jihad, The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and Hamas. Hamas and Islamic Jihad both call for an independent State for the Palestinians within the borders of Israel. PLO’s goal is to organize terrorist attacks on Israel. These three groups have been the seedbeds of violence directed against the Israelis since they were established. The violence will continue until the Lord removes the Muslim nations from the earth along with the Germans and the Russians when He brings the coalition invasion against Israel led by Gog of Russia.

A man named Muhammad in the seventh century A.D. founded Islam. His families were merchants in Mecca, Saudi Arabia and were worshippers of al-ilah a pagan deity within the Kaabah at Mecca. The Arabs used this god like cult figure before Islam was ever conceived. The god Il-Ilah was originally a phase of the occultic Moon God. Moon worship has been practiced in Arabia since 2000 B.C. The crescent moon is the most common symbol of this pagan moon worship and it too goes as far back as 2000 B.C. Muhammad’s families were merchants from the Quraysh tribe providing an idol for all the merchants who frequented the Kaabah while traveling through Mecca.[7] The Quraysh family would cater to any religious persuasion in order to provide a favorable environment to the traveling merchants so as to appropriate some of the lucrative trade they brought in to Mecca with their rich caravans. Hence the Kaabah was for the traveling caravans to enjoy worshipping their individual pagan deities.

Allah was worshipped in the Kaabah at Mecca before Muhammad was born. Muhammad merely proclaimed a cult-god the Meccans were already familiar with. The pagan Arabs never accused Muhammad of preaching a different Allah than the one they already worshipped. The name Allah, as the Qur’an itself is witness, was well known in pre-Islamic Arabia. Indeed, both it and its feminine form, Allat, are found among the pagan deity names in inscriptions from North Arabia. Allah is not just another name for Jehovah the God of the Bible. Allah (allah, al-ilah, the god) was the principal, though not the only, deity of Mecca. The name is an ancient one. It occurs in two South Arabic inscriptions, one a Minaean found at al-‘Ula and the other a Sabaean, but abounds in the form HLH in the Lihyanite inscriptions of the fifth century- B.C. Lihyan, which evidently got the god from Syria, was the first Centre of the worship of this deity in Arabia. The name occurs as Hallah in the Safa inscriptions five centuries before Islam and also in a pre-Islamic Christian Arabic inscription found in umm-al-Jimal, Syria, and ascribed to the sixth century. Al-Kindi, one of the early Christian apologists against Islam, pointed out that Islam and its god Allah did not come from the Bible but from the paganism of the Sabeans. They did not worship the God of the Bible but the moon-god and his daughters al-Uzza, al-Lat, and Manat. That Islam was conceived in idolatry is shown by the fact that many rituals performed in the name of Allah were connected with the pagan worship that existed before Islam.

Before Islam Allah was reported to be known as: the supreme of a pantheon of gods; the name of a god whom the Arabs worshipped; the chief god of the pantheon; Ali-ilah; the god; the supreme; the all-powerful; all-knowing; and totally unknowable; the predeterminer of everyone’s life destiny; chief of the gods; the special deity of the Quraish; having three daughters: Al Uzzah (Venus), Manah (Destiny), and Alat; having the idol temple at Mecca under his name (House of Allah); the mate of Alat, and the goddess of fate.  Because of other Arabian history pointing to heathen worship of the sun, moon, and the stars, as well as other gods Allah was in some way connected to these. This then would prove to us that Allah is not the same as the true God of the Bible whom we worship, because Jehovah God never changes.

Islam is intolerant and incompatible with all other religions. If anyone desires a religion other than Islam, never will he be accepted of their god; and in the next life, he will be in the ranks of those who have lost themselves and will burn in hell. (Qur’an 3:85)

Two years after Muhammad’s death, the entire Arabian Peninsula was converted to the Islamic faith by military efforts. Within three years, Muslim armies were invading Iraq, Syria and Egypt. By A.D. 638, Muhammad’s successor the Caliph Umar conquered Jerusalem with his armies and, by A.D. 641, had defeated the Persian Empire.

Not long after, Muslims conquered Cyprus and Tripoli and had established rule in Iran, Afghanistan and Sindh (part of modern day Pakistan). In addition, they warred against themselves in a quarrel over Muhammad’s successor and, by A.D. 750, had taken over Spain. Charles Martell of France at the Battle of Poitiers finally stopped their aggressive conquering.  Their desire to spread Islam to the world by violence was temporarily stopped.

Charles “The Hammer” Martel a Frankish military and political man was the grandfather of Charlemagne.  [8]By A.D. 715, he found military support among the Austrasians. This was present-day eastern France, western Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Over the next three years, Charles conducted a civil campaign to gain recognition for his titles as mayor of the palace and duke and prince of the Franks. Over the next five years he consolidated power as well as conquered Bavaria and Alemmania. With the Frankish lands secured, Charles next began to prepare for an anticipated attack from the Muslim Umayyads to the south.

The Umayyad Caliphate was the second of the four Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad. Caliph is the term for the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler. From the time of Muhammad until 1924, successive and contemporary caliphates were held by various dynasties, including the Rashidun Caliphate of the first four caliphs after Muhammad, the Umayyads based in Damascus and Córdoba, the Abbasids based in Baghdad & later in Cairo, the Fatimids based in Cairo, and finally the Turkish Ottoman Empire based in Istanbul. This is the period that some refer to as the Golden Age of Islam.  The truth is that any intellectual achievements that arose from the Muslim cultures occurred not because of Islam but in spite of it. As Bernard Lewis explains in his book What Went Wrong? The Moslem Empire inherited “the knowledge and skills of the ancient Middle east, of Greece and of Persia, it added to them new and important innovations from outside, such as the manufacture of paper from China and decimal positional numbering from India.” The decimal numbers were thus transmitted to the West, where they are still mistakenly known as “Arabic”numbers, honoring not their inventors but their transmitters. [9] The Muslim’s conquered countries (Persian, Greek, Egyptian, Byzantine, Syrian, Jewish) that possessed intellectual sophistication and the Muslims did not completely destroy those cultures. They tried to but failed to totally destroy them. To give it the credit for what the remnants of these cultures achieved is like giving credit to the Nazis, after the Poland invasion, for Chopin’s piano masterpiece compositions. Islam per se never encouraged science, in the sense of serious enquiry, because the only knowledge it accepts is religious knowledge. [10]

In A.D. 721, the Umayyads first came north and were temporarily defeated at the Battle of Toulouse by Odo the Great. Having assessed the situation in Iberia and the Umayyad attack on Aquitaine, Charles Martel came to believe that a professional army, rather than raw conscripts, was needed to defend the realm from invasion. In A.D. 732, the Muslims moved north again led by Emir Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi. Commanding approximately 80,000 men, he plundered Aquitaine.

As Abdul Rahman sacked Aquitaine, Odo fled north to seek aid from Charles. This was granted in exchange for Odo recognizing Charles as his overlord. Mobilizing his army, Charles moved to intercept the Umayyads. In one of the few instances where medieval infantry stood up to cavalry, Charles’ troops defeated repeated Umayyad attacks.

Charles’ victory at the Battle of Tours saved Western Europe from the Muslim invasions and was a turning point in European history. The Umayyad Muslims established the largest Arab-Muslim state in history.

                        

                            Figure 17-The Umayyad Muslim Caliphate in A.D.732

Starting in the 8th century, Muslim conquests in the West began to be reversed. From the 11th century onwards the Crusades, started to reverse Muslim military conquests within the eastern part of the former Roman Empire, and Jerusalem. Initially successful in this aim, and establishing the Crusader states, these gains were later reversed by subsequent Muslim generals such as Saladin, who recaptured Jerusalem in A.D. 1187.

In the east the Mongol Empire put an end to the Abbassid dynasty at the Battle of Baghdad in A.D. 1258, as they overran the Muslim lands in a series of invasions. Meanwhile in Egypt, the slave-soldier Mamluks took control in an uprising in 1250 and in alliance with the Golden Horde halted the Mongol armies at the Battle of Ain Jalut. Over the next century the Mongol Khanates converted to Islam and this religious and cultural absorption ushered in a new age of Mongol-Islamic synthesis that shaped the further spread of Islam in central Asia, eastern Europe and the Indian subcontinent. The Crimean Khanate was one of the strongest powers in Eastern Europe until the end of the seventeenth century.

The Black Death ravaged much of the Islamic world in the mid-14th century. It is probable that the Mongols and merchant caravans making use of the opportunities of free passage offered by the Mongol conquerors inadvertently brought the plague from Central Asia to the Middle East and Europe. Plague epidemics kept returning to the Islamic world up to the 19th century. [11]

Around the 18th century, the Ottoman Empire became threatened by European economic and military advantages.

By the 19th century the British Empire had formally ended the last Mogul dynasty, and overthrew the Muslim-ruled Kingdom of Mysore. In the 19th century, Greeks won independence in 1829; with several Balkan states following suit after the Ottomans suffered defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. The Ottoman era came to a close at the end of World War I and the Caliphate was abolished in 1924. The Muslims were essentially defeated from their expansionary efforts until oil was found in Persia, also know as modern day Iran.

Shortly after, the first permission to drill for oil in Persia was granted to the British in 1901, drilling efforts increased significantly. Since that time, the discovery of oil in the Middle East has had a profound influence on the Muslim Nations. Oil created vast fortunes as well as industrial empires, which gave birth to OPEC, and realigned twentieth-century world politics. In the following years, oil was discovered in the Arabian Peninsula, beneath the Caspian Sea, beneath Iraq, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, and others. The Muslims now had the economic resources to continue their aggressive expansion. They have a different and somewhat subtler means of dominating other countries. They don’t have uniformed armies that directly invade other countries. Now they employ immigration and terrorism. They are still intent upon expanding to the goal of world domination. Jihad has never ceased to exist as their goal. This is how they expand now.

First it is important to realize that Islam is not a religion, nor is it a cult. In its fullest form, it is a complete, total, 100% system of life. Islam has religious, legal, political, economic, social, and military components. They seek to impose a seventh century A.D. Arab Bedouin desert lifestyle on the world. [12] The religious component is a cover for all of the other components. Islamization or the practice of indoctrinating a country into Islam begins when there are sufficient Muslims in a country to protest for their religious privileges. When politically correct, tolerant, and culturally diverse societies agree to Muslim demands for their religious privileges, some of the other components tend to creep in as well. Here’s how it works: As long as the Muslim population remains around or under 2% in any given country, they will for the most part be regarded as a peace-loving minority, and not as a threat to other citizens. This is the case in:  United States – Muslim 0.6% Australia – Muslim 1.5% Canada -Muslim 1.9% China – Muslim 1.8% Italy – Muslim 1.5% Norway – Muslim 1.8%. At 2% to 5%, they begin to proselytize from other ethnic minorities and disaffected groups, often with major recruiting from the jails and among street gangs. This is happening in: Denmark – Muslim 2% Germany – Muslim 3.7% United Kingdom – Muslim 2.7% Spain -Muslim 4% Thailand – Muslim 4.6%. From 5% on, they exercise an inordinate influence in proportion to their percentage of the population. For example, they will push for the introduction of halal (clean by Islamic standards) food, thereby securing food preparation jobs for Muslims. They will increase pressure on supermarket chains to feature halal on their shelves – along with threats for failure to comply. This is occurring in: France – Muslim 8% Philippines – Muslim 5% Sweden – Muslim 5% Switzerland – Muslim 4.3% The Netherlands – Muslim 5.5% Trinidad & Tobago – Muslim 5.8% At this point, they will work to get the ruling government to allow them to
 rule themselves (within their ghettos) under Sharia, the Islamic Law. The ultimate goal of Islamists is to establish Sharia law over the entire world. When Muslims approach 10% of the population, they tend to increase lawlessness as a means of complaint about their conditions. In Paris, we are already seeing car-burnings. Any non-Muslim action offends Islam, and results in uprisings and threats, such as in Amsterdam, with
 opposition to Mohammed cartoons and films about Islam. Such tensions are seen daily, particularly in Muslim sections, in: Guyana – Muslim 10%, India – Muslim 13.4% ,Israel – Muslim 16% Kenya – Muslim 10%, Russia – Muslim 15%.

After reaching 20%, nations can expect hair-trigger rioting, jihad militia formations, sporadic killings, and the burnings of Christian churches and Jewish synagogues, such as in: Ethiopia – Muslim 32.8%. At 40%, nations experience widespread massacres, chronic terror attacks, and ongoing militia warfare, such as in Bosnia – Muslim 40%, Chad – Muslim 53.1%, Lebanon – Muslim 59.7%. From 60%, nations experience unfettered persecution of nonbelievers of all other religions (including nonconforming Muslims), sporadic ethnic cleansing (genocide), use of Sharia Law as a weapon, and Jizya, the tax placed on infidels, such as in: Albania – Muslim 70%, Malaysia – Muslim 60.4%, Qatar – Muslim 77.5%, Sudan – Muslim 70%. After 80%, expect daily intimidation and violent jihad, some State-run ethnic cleansing, and even some genocide, as these nations drive out the infidels, and move toward 100% Muslim, such as has been experienced and in some ways is ongoing in: Bangladesh – Muslim 83%, Egypt – Muslim 90%, Gaza – Muslim 98.7%, Indonesia – Muslim 86.1%, Iran – Muslim 98%, Iraq – Muslim 97%, Jordan – Muslim 92%, Morocco – Muslim 98.7%, Pakistan – Muslim 97%, Palestine – Muslim 99%, Syria – Muslim 90%, Tajikistan – Muslim 90%, Turkey – Muslim 99.8%, United Arab Emirates – Muslim 96%. 100% will usher in the peace of “Dar-es-Salaam” – the Islamic House of Peace. Here there is supposed to be peace, because everybody is a Muslim, the Madrasses are the only schools, and the Koran is the only word, such as in: Afghanistan — Muslim 100% Saudi Arabia — Muslim 100% Somalia — Muslim 100% Yemen — Muslim 100%.[13]

Unfortunately, peace is never achieved, as in these 100% states the most radical Muslims intimidate and spew hatred, and satisfy their blood lust by killing less radical Muslims, for a variety of reasons. It is important to understand that in some countries, with well under 100% Muslim populations, such as France, the minority Muslim populations live in ghettos, within which they are 100% Muslim, and within which they live by Sharia Law. The national police do not even enter these ghettos. There are no national courts, nor schools, nor non-Muslim religious facilities. In such situations, Muslims do not integrate into the community at large. The children attend madrassas. They learn only the Koran. To even associate with an infidel is a crime punishable with death. Therefore, in some areas of certain nations, Muslim Imams and extremists exercise more power than the national average would indicate.  Today’s 1.5 billion Muslims make up 22% of the world’s population. But their birth rates dwarf the birth rates of Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, and all other believers. If this rate continues Muslims will exceed 50% of the world’s population by the end of the twenty-first century.

With the help of the Soviets the Muslims reignited their fight with the west while specifically targeting the Jews in 1948. The fight continues to this day. Since then, under the pretext of liberating Palestine and destroying the occupying agents, most Arab countries were taken over by tyrannical people. Thus, the economic and scientific growth regressed and reached the bottom level, in comparison to the rest of the countries in the world.

Since 1948, the primitive Arab fascism has been aligned with fundamentalist Islam. It has nothing to offer to its people except empty slogans revolving around the themes of resistance and struggle. Muslims have had little to offer the world since the beginning of the industrial revolution. They have added little in the areas of human sciences and inventions. Nor have they added much value to civilization. A group whose chief export is terrorism will never be able to achieve much in terms of scientific achievement. The number of Jews who have won Nobel Prizes in all areas of endeavor is one hundred eighty. Muslims, unfortunately, have not been recipients of many Nobel prizes. The number of Muslims who have won a Nobel Prize is eight. One other economic indication, which demonstrates the superiority of the Jews, is in the number of U.S. Patents. God chose them and it is to Him one can attribute the cause of Jewish achievement. [14] For example, between 1980 and 2000, Egyptians registered 77 patents in the U.S. Saudis registered 171. Israelis registered 7,652.[15]

Clearly The Lord is causing the Muslims to under achieve because they persecuted the Jews. They will be thrown off the world stage in the coming allied invasion of Israel. God will remove them, the Russians, and the Germans all at once when he causes those armed forces to come against Israel. These nations have all severely persecuted the Jews at one time or another and will receive God’s greatest vengeance prior to the last war to cleanse the earth of sin, which we call the Great Tribulation

[1] Ye’or, Bat. The Dhimmi: Jews and Christians Under Islam. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Press, 1985. 44, 46

[2] ibid pgs. 44, 46

 

[3] Britannica, Encyclopedia A New survey of Universal Knowledge, Published by William Benton Chicago, London, Toronto & Geneva 1962 Vol IV pg 293

[4] Atberry, R.J. The Koran Interpreted, Published by Simon & Schuster, New York, NY 1955, throughout book

 

[5] Ye’or, Bat. The Dhimmi: Jews and Christians Under Islam. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Press, 1985. 46

[6] Price, Randall. Unholy War; America, Israel and Radical Islam. Eugene, OR. Harvest House 2001. 66

[7] Morey, Robert. The Islamic Invasion. Las Vegas, NV: Christian Scholars Press, 1992, 47-48

 

[8] Britannica, Encyclopedia. A New Survey of Universal Knowledge. In XXIV Volumes Chicago: William Benton, Publisher: 1962, Vol V 293

         [9] Lewis, Bernard, What Went Wrong-The Clash Between Islam and Modernity in the Middle East. Norwalk, CT. The Easton Press permission of Oxford University Press 2003 6-7

[10] Trifkovic, Serge, The Golden Age of Islam is a Myth. Adapted by Robert Locke. Front Page Magazine November 15, 2002. Internet. Accessed February 27, 2010 http://www.sullivan-county.com/x/islam_myth.htm

 

         [11] Lewis, Bernard. The Middle East. Norwalk, CT. The Easton Press with the permission of Oxford University Press, 2002, 178.

 

[12] Morey, Robert. The Islamic Invasion. Las Vegas, NV: Christian Scholars Press, 1992,

 

[13] Hammond, Peter. Slavery, Terrorism and Islam: The Historical Roots and Contemporary Threat. Cape Town, South Africa Christian Liberty Books 2005 151-155

[14] Pease, Steven, L. The Golden Age of Jewish Achievement. Soma, CA: Deucalion Publishers, 2009. 396

[15] Brooks, David The Tel Aviv Cluster; New York; The New York Times January 11, 2010. Internet. Accessed February 27, 2010 http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/12/opinion/12brooks.html

 

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